Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Trimalchio hostsÃ¢â¬â¢ a farewell dinner which is a dinner given to gladiators who were about to face wild beasts in the arena. Trimalchio is a Semitic name based on the word for Ã¢â¬Å"princeÃ¢â¬ and he is a high living individual. However, a well-born Roman reader would not approve of his attitudes and behavior. You get a good sense of what Trimalchio is like early on in the story when he is in the middle of talking to Menelaus and snaps his fingers for a slave to bring him a pot. When the slave brings the pot to Trimalchio he peed in it, asked for water and then used the slaveÃ¢â¬â¢s hair to dry his hands. (19) Trimalchio had many slaves, some of their jobs were miniscule(petty) that it consisted of them standing near the dining room door and sayingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦One example of this is when the table was cleared and three pigs were brought into the room, Trimalchio asked his guests which one they wanted to eat and without waiting for a response he picke d the one he wanted to be cooked. He spends most of the dinner talking about himself and bragging about his belonging as well. Trimalchio mentions that his serving plates are made out of corinthean bronze and he was the only one to own such a thing. Although entertainment was a big part of a traditional Roman dinner, the entertainment Trimalchio provided was only enjoyable to him. For example when acrobats preformed Trimalchio was the only one who was impressed by their act. Also his alcohol consumption leads him to rude manners and even insults towards guests. Trimalchio ends the night by kissing a good looking slave causing a fight between him and Fortunata. Trimalchio says some really rude and hurtful things about Forunata over such a little incident. Trimalchio makes it difficult for anyone to get close to him or trust him because he can change his whole in just a moment. Trimalchio then tells his whole life story and then lays on the couch and told his guests to preten d heÃ¢â¬â¢s dead. The Romans drank a lot of wine but not straight or quickly. Ã¢â¬Å"Diluting wine and drinking with restraint were ordinary courtesy. The purpose of a dinner party was relaxedShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Pompeii In The Satyricon1146 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRoman work is a fictional satire, it still illuminates what social parties, house design, slave relations, womenÃ¢â¬â¢s roles, religious beliefs, etc. may have been like in the final days of Pompeii. The excerpt analyzed from The Satyricon tells the events that unfolded at a feast hosted by Trimalchio, a prominent man in Rome. The section opens with Trimalchio being rubbed down with the finest material and smothered in perfume. TrimalchioÃ¢â¬â¢s importance is further stressed as he says his masseurs were drinkingRead MoreSatyricon Essay878 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesis a narrative whose author is not known definitively. Ã However, the best candidate from the time was Titus Petronius (Arbiter).The story, looking especially from the scene Ã¢â¬Å"Dinner with Trimalchio,Ã¢â¬ is a satiric masterwork of the pragmatic and materialistic attitude of the time, soon to be replaced by Christianity. Ã¢â¬Å"Dinner with TrimalchioÃ¢â¬ tells a tale from the perspective of Encolpius, a vagabond student of the master Agamemnon, who is invited along as a pupil of Agamemnon to a banquet. The hostRead MoreEssay Slaves will be Slaves1852 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Petronius Arbiter, in Trimalchi os Dinner Party, the third chapter of his book Satyricon, mocks the nature of slaves. He was a top official in Rome, namely the quot;Judge of Tastequot; in Neros court (129). Regardless of the responsibilities he had, he was an aristocrat. The history of Rome was written from an aristocratic perspective because they were the ones who had the money, ambition and free time to document history. Petronius believed that slaves are low class, and that a slave that hasRead MoreAnalysis Of Dinner With Trimalchio 1574 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTrimalchio, showcased in the most complete work of PetroniusÃ¢â¬â¢ Dinner With Trimalchio, in the Satyricon profess many aspects of the rich and famous, where Jordan Belfort from ScorseseÃ¢â¬â¢s The Wolf of Wall Street embodies the rising fame and fortune of Wall Street. Trimalchio and Belfort both have comparatively similar characteristics that run in unison with each other throughout their respective roles. Both Trimalchio and Belfort came from what was considered lower class families, and eventually gainedRead MoreThe Identity of the Satyricons Author1732 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNeroÃ¢â¬â¢s taste for mixing with the common people at night in secret; Petronius has been thought to have had a keen interest in the life of those in less fortunate social positions. Throughout the account of the dinner party, the author emphasizes the importance of good taste by showing TrimalchioÃ¢â¬â¢s flaws, which seems very much in keeping with the character of NeroÃ¢â¬â¢s adviser who was consulted on matters of taste and style alone. The detail of the gold ring worn by Ascyltus helps to date the work, as wearingRead MoreWhy Is Virtue Important?1142 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAt a dinner party that Trimalchio hosts, his guests are accompanied by singing slaves, liquor, peahen eggs, games, and an endless amount of food. Trimalchio entered the dining room covered in a cloak and a burst of music (Petronius). As the host of the party, Trimalchio engages in conversations with guests of the party, explaining how wealthy he is and how much power he has. As the party progressed, one of the musician performing made to much noise, causing a watchmen to burst into the party. The
SOME PART OF ME BEGGED FOR there to be a mistake. I watched the footage three more times, tossing crazy theories around in my head. Maybe Master Jameson had a twin who wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a fanatic who hated vampires. We will write a custom essay sample on The Indigo Spell Chapter Twenty-One or any similar topic only for you Order Now No. The video didnÃ¢â¬â¢t lie. Only the Alchemists did. I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t ignore this. I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t wait. I needed to resolve this immediately. If not sooner. I sent Marcus a text as soon as my plane was on the ground: We meet tonight. No games. No runaround. TONIGHT. There was no response from him by the time I got back to my dorm. What was he doing? Reading Catcher in the Rye again? If IÃ¢â¬â¢d known what dive he was holed up in, I wouldÃ¢â¬â¢ve marched over there right then. There was nothing I could do but wait, so I called Ms. Terwilliger both as a distraction and to buy some freedom. Ã¢â¬Å"Nothing to report,Ã¢â¬ she told me when she answered. Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢re still just watching and waiting Ã¢â¬â although, your extra charm is almost complete.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s not why IÃ¢â¬â¢m calling,Ã¢â¬ I said. Ã¢â¬Å"I need you to get me a curfew extension tonight.Ã¢â¬ I felt bad using her for something totally unrelated, but I had to do this. Ã¢â¬Å"Oh? Are you paying me an unexpected visit?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Er Ã¢â¬â no. This is for something else.Ã¢â¬ She clearly thought that was funny. Ã¢â¬Å"Now you use my assistance for personal matters?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t you think IÃ¢â¬â¢ve earned it?Ã¢â¬ I countered. She laughed, something I hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t heard from her in a while. She agreed to my request and promised to call the dormÃ¢â¬â¢s front desk right away. As soon as we hung up, my phone chimed with the expected message from Marcus. All the text contained was an address that was a half hour away. Assuming he was ready for me now, I grabbed my messenger bag and got on the road. In light of my past meetings with Marcus, I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have been surprised if heÃ¢â¬â¢d led me to a department store or karaoke bar. Instead, I arrived at a vintage music shop, the kind that sold vinyl records. A large CLOSED sign hung on the door, emphasized by dark windows and an empty parking lot. I got out of my car and double-checked the address, wondering if my GPS had led me astray. My earlier zeal gave way to nervousness. How careless was this? One of WolfeÃ¢â¬â¢s first lessons was to avoid sketchy situations, yet here I was, exposing myself. Then, from the shadows, I heard my name whispered. I turned toward the sound and saw Sabrina materialize out of the darkness, carrying a gun as usual. Maybe if I showed her the one in my glove compartment, we could have a bonding moment. Ã¢â¬Å"Go around back,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"Knock on the door.Ã¢â¬ Without another word, she returned to the shadows. The back of the building looked like the kind of place that screamed mugging, and I wondered if Sabrina would come to my aid if needed. I knocked on the door, half expecting some kind of speakeasy situation where IÃ¢â¬â¢d be asked for a password like Ã¢â¬Å"rusted iguana.Ã¢â¬ Instead, Marcus opened the door, ready with one of those smiles he kept hoping would win me over. Strangely, tonight it put me at ease. Ã¢â¬Å"Hey, gorgeous, come on in.Ã¢â¬ I stepped past him and found we were in the storeÃ¢â¬â¢s back room, which was filled with tables, shelves, and boxes of records and cassette tapes. Wade and Amelia stood against a wall in mirrored stances, their arms crossed over their chests. Marcus shut the door behind me and locked it. Ã¢â¬Å"Glad to see you back in one piece. Judging from your text Ã¢â¬â and your face Ã¢â¬â you found something.Ã¢â¬ All the rage IÃ¢â¬â¢d been holding in since my discovery came bursting out. I retrieved my laptop from my bag and had to resist the urge to slam it against a table. Ã¢â¬Å"Yes! I canÃ¢â¬â¢t believe it. You were right. Your insane, far-fetched theory was right. The Alchemists have been lying! Or, well, some of them. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know. Half of them donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what the other halfÃ¢â¬â¢s doing.Ã¢â¬ I expected some smug remark from Marcus or at least an Ã¢â¬Å"I told you so.Ã¢â¬ But that handsome face was drawn and sad, reminding me of the picture IÃ¢â¬â¢d seen of him and Clarence. Ã¢â¬Å"Damn,Ã¢â¬ he said softly. Ã¢â¬Å"I was kind of hoping youÃ¢â¬â¢d come back with a bunch of boring video. Amelia, go swap with Sabrina. I want her to see this.Ã¢â¬ Amelia looked disappointed to be sent away, but she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t hesitate to obey his order. By the time Sabrina came back in, I had the video cued up to the correct time. They gathered around me. Ã¢â¬Å"Ready?Ã¢â¬ I asked. They nodded, and I could see a mix of emotions in all of them. Here it was, the conspiracy theory theyÃ¢â¬â¢d all been waiting to prove. At the same time, the implications were staggering, and the three of them were well aware of how dangerous what they were about to see could be. I played the video. It was only a few seconds long, but they were powerful ones as that bearded figure appeared on the screen. I heard an intake of breath from Sabrina. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s him. Master Jameson.Ã¢â¬ She looked between all our faces. Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s really the Alchemist place? HeÃ¢â¬â¢s really there?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yes,Ã¢â¬ said Wade. Ã¢â¬Å"And thatÃ¢â¬â¢s Dale Hawthorne with him, one of the directors.Ã¢â¬ That triggered a memory. Ã¢â¬Å"I know that name. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s one of StantonÃ¢â¬â¢s peers, right?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Pretty much.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Is it possible she wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t know about a visit like this?Ã¢â¬ I asked. Ã¢â¬Å"Even at her level?Ã¢â¬ It was Marcus who answered. Ã¢â¬Å"Maybe. Although, walking him right in there Ã¢â¬â even to the secure level Ã¢â¬â is pretty ballsy. Even if she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t know about the meeting, itÃ¢â¬â¢s a safe bet others do. If it were completely shady, Hawthorne wouldÃ¢â¬â¢ve met him off-site. Of course, the secure list means this wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t out in the open either.Ã¢â¬ So, it was possible Stanton hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t lied to me Ã¢â¬â well, at least not about the Alchemists being in contact with the Warriors. SheÃ¢â¬â¢d certainly lied about the Alchemists knowing about Marcus since heÃ¢â¬â¢d said he was a notorious figure to most higher-ups. Even if she was ignorant about Master Jameson, it didnÃ¢â¬â¢t change the fact that other Alchemists Ã¢â¬â important ones Ã¢â¬â were keeping some dangerous company. Maybe I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t always like their procedures, but IÃ¢â¬â¢d desperately wanted to believe they were doing good in the world. Maybe they were. Maybe they werenÃ¢â¬â¢t. I just didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know anymore. When I dragged my eyes from the frozen frame of Master Jameson, I found Marcus watching me. Ã¢â¬Å"Are you ready?Ã¢â¬ he asked. Ã¢â¬Å"Ready for what?Ã¢â¬ He walked over to another table and returned with a small case. When he opened it, I saw a small vial of silver liquid and a syringe. Ã¢â¬Å"What is Ã¢â¬â oh.Ã¢â¬ Realization hit me. Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s the blood thatÃ¢â¬â¢ll break the tattoo.Ã¢â¬ He nodded. Ã¢â¬Å"Pulling the elements out creates a reaction that turns it silver. It takes a few years, but eventually, the gold in your skin will fade to silver too.Ã¢â¬ All of them were looking at me expectantly, and I took a step back. Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know if IÃ¢â¬â¢m ready for this.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Why wait?Ã¢â¬ asked Marcus. He pointed at the laptop. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢ve seen this. You know what theyÃ¢â¬â¢re capable of. Can you keep lying to yourself? DonÃ¢â¬â¢t you want to go forward with your eyes open?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Well . . . yes, but I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know if IÃ¢â¬â¢m ready to have some strange substance injected into me.Ã¢â¬ Marcus filled the syringe with the silver liquid. Ã¢â¬Å"I can demonstrate on my tattoo if itÃ¢â¬â¢ll make you feel better. It wonÃ¢â¬â¢t hurt me, and you can see that there arenÃ¢â¬â¢t any dire side effects.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"We donÃ¢â¬â¢t know for sure that theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve done anything to me,Ã¢â¬ I protested. He had a logical argument, but I was still terrified of taking this step. I could feel my hands shaking. Ã¢â¬Å"This could be a waste. There may be no group loyalty compulsion in me.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"But you also donÃ¢â¬â¢t know for sure,Ã¢â¬ he countered. Ã¢â¬Å"And thereÃ¢â¬â¢s always a little loyalty put in the initial tattoo. I mean, not enough to make you some slave robot, but still. WouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t you feel better knowing everythingÃ¢â¬â¢s gone?Ã¢â¬ I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t take my eyes off the needle. Ã¢â¬Å"Will I feel any different?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No. Although you could walk up to someone on the street and start telling them about vampires.Ã¢â¬ I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t tell if he was joking or not. Ã¢â¬Å"Then youÃ¢â¬â¢d just get thrown into a psych ward.Ã¢â¬ Was I ready for this? Was I really going to take the next step into becoming part of MarcusÃ¢â¬â¢s Merry Men? IÃ¢â¬â¢d passed his test Ã¢â¬â which heÃ¢â¬â¢d been right about. Clearly, this group wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t useless. They had eyes on the Alchemists and the Warriors. They also seemingly had the MoroiÃ¢â¬â¢s best interests at heart. The Moroi Ã¢â¬â or, more specifically, Jill. I hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t forgotten SabrinaÃ¢â¬â¢s offhand remark about the Warriors being interested in a missing girl. Who else could it be but Jill? And did this Hawthorne guy have access to her location? Had he passed it on to Master Jameson? And would this information put those around her at risk, like Adrian? They were questions I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have the answers to, but I had to uncover them. Ã¢â¬Å"Okay,Ã¢â¬ I said. Ã¢â¬Å"Do it.Ã¢â¬ Marcus didnÃ¢â¬â¢t waste any time. I think he was afraid IÃ¢â¬â¢d change my mind Ã¢â¬â which, perhaps, was not an unfounded fear. I sat down in one of the chairs and tipped my head to the side so that heÃ¢â¬â¢d have access to my cheek. Wade gently held my head with his hands. Ã¢â¬Å"Just to make sure you stay still,Ã¢â¬ he told me apologetically Before Marcus started, I asked, Ã¢â¬Å"WhereÃ¢â¬â¢d you learn to do this?Ã¢â¬ His face had been solemn with the task ahead, but my question made him smile again. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m not technically tattooing you, if thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what youÃ¢â¬â¢re worried about,Ã¢â¬ he said. I was actually worried about a lot of things. Ã¢â¬Å"These are just some small injections, just like being re-inked.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"What about the process itself? HowÃ¢â¬â¢d you find out about it?Ã¢â¬ It was probably a question I should have asked before I sat down in this chair. But I hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t expected to be doing this so soon Ã¢â¬â or suddenly. Ã¢â¬Å"A Moroi friend of mine theorized about it. I volunteered to be a guinea pig, and it worked.Ã¢â¬ He switched to business mode again and held up the needle. Ã¢â¬Å"Ready?Ã¢â¬ I took a deep breath, feeling like I was standing on the edge of a precipice. Time to jump. Ã¢â¬Å"Go ahead.Ã¢â¬ It hurt about as much as re-inking did, just a number of small pricks on my skin. Uncomfortable, but not really painful. In truth, it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a long process, but it felt like it took forever. All the while, I kept asking myself, What are you doing? What are you doing? At last, Marcus stepped back and regarded me with shining eyes. Sabrina and Wade smiled too. Ã¢â¬Å"There you go,Ã¢â¬ Marcus said. Ã¢â¬Å"Welcome to the ranks, Sydney.Ã¢â¬ I took my compact out of my purse to check the tattoo. My skin was pink from the needleÃ¢â¬â¢s piercing, but if this process continued to be like re-inking, that irritation would fade soon. Otherwise, the lily looked unchanged. I also didnÃ¢â¬â¢t feel that changed on the inside. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to storm the Alchemist facility and demand justice or anything like that. Taking him up on his dare to tell an outsider about vampires was probably my best bet to see if my tattoo had been altered, but I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t really feel like doing that either. Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s it?Ã¢â¬ I asked. Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s it,Ã¢â¬ Marcus said. Ã¢â¬Å"Once we get it sealed, you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t have to worry about Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m not getting it sealed.Ã¢â¬ All those smiles vanished. Marcus looked confused, as though he might have misheard. Ã¢â¬Å"You have to. WeÃ¢â¬â¢re going to Mexico next weekend. Once thatÃ¢â¬â¢s done, the Alchemists wonÃ¢â¬â¢t ever be able to get to you again.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m not getting it sealed,Ã¢â¬ I repeated. Ã¢â¬Å"And IÃ¢â¬â¢m not going to Mexico.Ã¢â¬ I gestured toward my laptop. Ã¢â¬Å"Look what I was able to pull off! If I stay where IÃ¢â¬â¢m at, I can keep finding out more. I can find out what else the Alchemists and Warriors are doing together.Ã¢â¬ I can find out if Jill is in danger. Ã¢â¬Å"Getting permanently marked and becoming an outcast kills all those opportunities for me. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s no going back after that.Ã¢â¬ I think Marcus almost always got his way, and this new development totally threw him off. Wade took up the argument. Ã¢â¬Å"ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s no going back now. YouÃ¢â¬â¢re leaving a trail of bread crumbs. Look at what youÃ¢â¬â¢ve done. You already made inquiries about Marcus. Even if you havenÃ¢â¬â¢t gotten super-friendly with the Moroi, the Alchemists still know you spend a lot of time with them. And one day, someone may realize you were there when the data was stolen.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No one knows it was stolen,Ã¢â¬ I said promptly. Ã¢â¬Å"You hope they donÃ¢â¬â¢t,Ã¢â¬ corrected Wade. Ã¢â¬Å"These little things are enough to raise red flags. Keep doing more, and youÃ¢â¬â¢ll make it worse. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢ll finally notice you, and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s when itÃ¢â¬â¢ll be over.Ã¢â¬ Marcus had recovered from his initial shock. Ã¢â¬Å"Exactly. Look, if you want to stay where youÃ¢â¬â¢re at until we go to Mexico, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s fine. Make your peace with it or whatever. After that, you need to escape. WeÃ¢â¬â¢ll keep working from the outside.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You can do whatever you want.Ã¢â¬ I began packing up my laptop. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to work from the inside.Ã¢â¬ Marcus caught hold of my arm. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re setting yourself up for a fall, Sydney!Ã¢â¬ he said sternly. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re going to get caught.Ã¢â¬ I pulled away from him. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ll be careful.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Everyone makes mistakes,Ã¢â¬ said Sabrina, speaking up for the first time in a while. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ll take that risk.Ã¢â¬ I slung my bag over my shoulder. Ã¢â¬Å"Unless you guys are going to forcibly stop me?Ã¢â¬ None of them answered. Ã¢â¬Å"Then IÃ¢â¬â¢m going. IÃ¢â¬â¢m not afraid of the Alchemists. Thank you for everything youÃ¢â¬â¢ve done. I really do appreciate it.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Thank you,Ã¢â¬ said Marcus at last. He shook his head at Wade, who looked like he wanted to protest. Ã¢â¬Å"For getting the data. I honestly didnÃ¢â¬â¢t think youÃ¢â¬â¢d be able to pull it off. I figured youÃ¢â¬â¢d return empty-handed, though I still wouldÃ¢â¬â¢ve broken the tattoo for you. A for effort, you know. Instead, you just proved what IÃ¢â¬â¢d thought before: youÃ¢â¬â¢re remarkable. We could really use you.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Well, you know how to get in touch with me.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"And you know how to get in touch with us,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢ll be here all week if you change your mind.Ã¢â¬ I opened the door. Ã¢â¬Å"I wonÃ¢â¬â¢t. IÃ¢â¬â¢m not running away.Ã¢â¬ Amelia called goodbye to me when I got into my car, oblivious to the fact that IÃ¢â¬â¢d just defied her beloved leader. As I drove back to Amberwood, I was amazed at how free I felt Ã¢â¬â and it had nothing to do with the tattoo. It was the knowledge that I had defied everyone Ã¢â¬â the Alchemists, the Warriors, the Merry Men. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t answer to anyone, no matter the cause. I was my own person, able to take my own actions. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t something I had a lot of experience with. And I was about to do something drastic. I hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t told Marcus and the gang because IÃ¢â¬â¢d been afraid they really would stop me. When I got back to Amberwood, I went straight to my room and dialed Stanton. She answered on the first ring, which I took as a divine sign that I was doing the right thing. Ã¢â¬Å"Miss Sage, this is unexpected. Did you enjoy the services?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yes,Ã¢â¬ I said. Ã¢â¬Å"They were very enlightening. But thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not why IÃ¢â¬â¢m calling. We have a situation. The Warriors of Light are looking for Jill.Ã¢â¬ I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t going to waste any time. Ã¢â¬Å"Why on earth would they do that?Ã¢â¬ She sounded legitimately surprised, but if there was one thing in all of this that I believed wholeheartedly, it was that the Alchemists were exceptional liars. Ã¢â¬Å"Because they know if JillÃ¢â¬â¢s whereabouts got out, it could throw the Moroi into chaos. Their focus is still on the Strigoi, but they wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t mind seeing thing go bad for the Moroi.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I see.Ã¢â¬ I always wondered if she paused to gather her thoughts or if it was simply for effect. Ã¢â¬Å"And how exactly did you learn this?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"That guy I know who used to be with the Warriors. WeÃ¢â¬â¢re still friendly, and heÃ¢â¬â¢s been having doubts about them. He mentioned hearing them talk about finding a missing girl that could cause all sorts of trouble.Ã¢â¬ Maybe it was wrong to drag Trey into this lie, but I seriously doubted Stanton would interrogate him anytime soon. Ã¢â¬Å"And you assume this is Miss Dragomir?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Come on,Ã¢â¬ I exclaimed. Ã¢â¬Å"Who else would it be? Do you know any other Moroi girls? Of course itÃ¢â¬â¢s her!Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Calm down, Miss Sage.Ã¢â¬ Her voice was flat and untroubled. Ã¢â¬Å"ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s no need for theatrics.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s a need for action! If they might be on to her, then we need to get out of Palm Springs immediately.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"That,Ã¢â¬ she said crisply, Ã¢â¬Å"is not an option. A lot of planning went into getting her to her current location.Ã¢â¬ I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t believe that argument for a second. Half our job was doing damage control and adapting to rapidly changing situations. Ã¢â¬Å"Yeah? Well, did you also plan on those psycho vampire hunters finding her?Ã¢â¬ Stanton ignored the jab. Ã¢â¬Å"Do you have any evidence at all that the Warriors actually have concrete data about her? Did your friend supply you with details?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No,Ã¢â¬ I admitted. Ã¢â¬Å"But we still need to do something.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s no Ã¢â¬ËweÃ¢â¬â¢ here.Ã¢â¬ Her voice had gone from flat to icy. Ã¢â¬Å"You do not decide what we do.Ã¢â¬ I nearly protested and then caught myself. Horror set in. What had I just done? My initial intent had been to either get Stanton to take legitimate action or else find out if she might accidentally reveal knowledge of a Warrior connection. IÃ¢â¬â¢d thought mentioning Trey would give me valid backup since I could hardly tell her the real reason I feared for Jill. Yet, somehow, IÃ¢â¬â¢d gone from a request to a demand. IÃ¢â¬â¢d practically yelled an order at her. That wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t typical Sydney behavior. That wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t typical Alchemist behavior. What had Wade said? YouÃ¢â¬â¢re leaving a trail of bread crumbs. Was this because IÃ¢â¬â¢d broken the tattoo? This was no crumb. This was a full loaf. I was on the verge of insubordination, and my mind could suddenly imagine that list Marcus kept warning about, the one that kept track of every suspicious thing I did. Was Stanton already updating that list right now? I had to fix this, but how? How on earth did I take this back? My mind was racing frantically, and it took several moments for me to calm down and start thinking logically. The mission. Focus on the mission. Stanton would understand that. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m sorry, maÃ¢â¬â¢am,Ã¢â¬ I said at last. Be calm. Be deferential. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m just . . . IÃ¢â¬â¢m just so worried about this mission. I saw my dad at the services, you know.Ã¢â¬ That would be a fact she could check on. Ã¢â¬Å"You had to have seen how it was that night I left. How bad things are between us. I . . . I have to make him proud. If things fall apart here, heÃ¢â¬â¢ll never forgive me.Ã¢â¬ She didnÃ¢â¬â¢t respond, so I prayed that meant she was listening intently . . . and believing me. Ã¢â¬Å"I want to do a good job here. I want to fulfill our goals and keep Jill hidden. But there have already been so many complications no one predicted Ã¢â¬â first Keith and then the Warriors. I just never feel like sheÃ¢â¬â¢s fully safe now, even with Eddie and Angeline. It eats at me. And Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬ I was no actress who could muster tears, but I did my best to make my voice crack. Ã¢â¬Å"And I never feel safe. I told you, when I asked to go to the services, how overwhelming it is with the Moroi. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re everywhere Ã¢â¬â and the dhampirs too. I eat with them. IÃ¢â¬â¢m in class with them. Being with other Alchemists this last weekend was a lifesaver. I mean, IÃ¢â¬â¢m not trying to dodge my duties, maÃ¢â¬â¢am. I understand we have to make sacrifices. And IÃ¢â¬â¢ve gotten better around them, but sometimes the stress is just unbearable Ã¢â¬â and then when I heard this thing about the Warriors, I cracked. All I could think about was that I might fail. IÃ ¢â¬â¢m sorry, maÃ¢â¬â¢am. I shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have flipped out on you. I was out of control, and it was unacceptable.Ã¢â¬ I cut off my rant and tensed as I waited for her response. Hopefully IÃ¢â¬â¢d given her enough to dismiss any thoughts of me being a dissident. Of course, I might have just come off as a totally weak and unstable Alchemist who needed to be pulled from this mission. If that happened . . . well, maybe IÃ¢â¬â¢d have to take Marcus up on Mexico. Her characteristic pause was especially painful this time. Ã¢â¬Å"I see,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"Well, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll take this all into consideration. This mission is of the utmost importance, believe me. My earlier questioning of your information was not some weakening of our resolve. Your concerns have been heard, and I will decide the best course of action.Ã¢â¬ It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t exactly what I wanted, but hopefully she would be true to her word. I really, really wanted to believe she was on the up-and-up. Ã¢â¬Å"Thank you, maÃ¢â¬â¢am.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Is there anything else, Miss Sage?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No, maÃ¢â¬â¢am. And . . . and IÃ¢â¬â¢m sorry maÃ¢â¬â¢am.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Your apology is noted.Ã¢â¬ Click. IÃ¢â¬â¢d paced while IÃ¢â¬â¢d talked and now stood staring at the phone. A gut instinct told me I really had driven Stanton to take some sort of action. The mystery was whether that action would prove beneficial or catastrophic for me. Falling asleep was difficult after that, and it had nothing to do with Veronica for a change. I was too keyed up, too anxious about what had happened with Marcus and Stanton. I tried to seize that feeling of freedom again, using it to strengthen me. It was only a spark this time, flickering with my new uncertainties, but it was better than nothing. I fell asleep sometime around three. I had a vague sense of a couple hours passing before I was swept into one of AdrianÃ¢â¬â¢s dreams, back in the reception hall. Ã¢â¬Å"Finally,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"I almost gave up checking in. I thought you were going to pull an all-nighter.Ã¢â¬ HeÃ¢â¬â¢d stopped wearing his suit in these dreams, probably because I always showed up in jeans. Tonight he wore jeans also, along with a plain black T-shirt. Ã¢â¬Å"Me too.Ã¢â¬ I wrung my hands and began pacing here as well. The nervous energy from my waking self had carried over into the dream. Ã¢â¬Å"A lot of stuffÃ¢â¬â¢s kind of happened tonight.Ã¢â¬ The dream felt real, solid. Adrian was sober. Ã¢â¬Å"DidnÃ¢â¬â¢t you just get back? How much couldÃ¢â¬â¢ve happened?Ã¢â¬ When I told him, he shook his head in amazement. Ã¢â¬Å"Man, Sage. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s all or nothing with you. Never a dull moment.Ã¢â¬ I came to a halt in front of him and leaned against a table. Ã¢â¬Å"I know, I know. Do you think I just made a huge mistake? God, maybe Marcus was right, and there was some compulsion forcing me to be loyal in the tattoo. IÃ¢â¬â¢m free for one hour and completely go over the edge with my superior.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"It sounds like you covered your tracks,Ã¢â¬ he said, though a small frown appeared on his face. Ã¢â¬Å"But I would be disappointed if they sent you somewhere less stressful. That seems like it might be the worst-case scenario from everything you said.Ã¢â¬ I started laughing, but it was the hysterical kind. Ã¢â¬Å"What in the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s happened to me? I was doing crazy stuff way before Marcus broke the tattoo tonight. Meeting with rebels, chasing evil sorceresses, even buying that dress! Yelling at Stanton is just one more thing on a long list of insanity. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s just like I said at Pies and Stuff: I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know who I am anymore.Ã¢â¬ Adrian smiled and clasped my hands, taking a few steps toward me. Ã¢â¬Å"Well, first off, IÃ¢â¬â¢m the expert in insanity, and this is nothing. And as for who you are, youÃ¢â¬â¢re the same beautiful, brave, and ridiculously smart caffeinated fighter youÃ¢â¬â¢ve been since the day I met you.Ã¢â¬ Finally, he put Ã¢â¬Å"beautifulÃ¢â¬ at the top of his list of adjectives. Not that I should have cared. Ã¢â¬Å"Sweet talker,Ã¢â¬ I scoffed. Ã¢â¬Å"You didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know anything about me the first time we met.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I knew you were beautiful,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"I just hoped for the rest.Ã¢â¬ He always got this glint in his eyes when he complimented my looks, like he was seeing so much more than just my actual appearance. It was disorienting and heady . . . but I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t mind. And that wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t the only thing I suddenly found overwhelming. How had he gotten so close to me without me even realizing it? It was like he had secret stealth abilities. His hands were warm on mine, our fingers locked together. I still had remnants of that earlier joy within me, and being connected to him amplified those feelings. The green of his eyes was as lovely as usual, and I wondered if mine had the same effect on him. There was a little amber mixed with the brown that he had once said looked like gold. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s the only one who never tells me to do anything, I realized. Oh, sure, he asked me to do lots of things, often with cajoling and fast talking. But he made no demands on me, not like the Alchemists or Marcus. Even Jill and Angeline tended to preface their requests with, Ã¢â¬Å"You have to . . .Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Speaking of that dress,Ã¢â¬ he added, Ã¢â¬Å"I still havenÃ¢â¬â¢t seen it.Ã¢â¬ I laughed softly. Ã¢â¬Å"You couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t handle it.Ã¢â¬ He raised an eyebrow at that. Ã¢â¬Å"Is that a challenge, Sage? I can handle a lot.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Not if our history is any indication. Each time I wear some moderately attractive dress, you lose it.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s not exactly true,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"I lose it no matter what youÃ¢â¬â¢re wearing. And that red dress was not Ã¢â¬Ëmoderately attractive.Ã¢â¬â¢ It was like a piece of heaven here on earth. A red, silky piece of heaven.Ã¢â¬ I shouldÃ¢â¬â¢ve rolled my eyes. I shouldÃ¢â¬â¢ve told him I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t here for his personal entertainment. But there was something in the way he was looking at me and something in the way I felt tonight that made me want to see his reaction. Breaking the tattoo hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t affected anything between us, but it Ã¢â¬â and the deeds IÃ¢â¬â¢d done this weekend Ã¢â¬â had left me feeling bold. For the first time, I wanted to take a risk with him, despite my usual set of logical arguments. Besides, there was nothing dangerous in letting him look. I manipulated the dream the way heÃ¢â¬â¢d taught me. A few moments later, the lacy minidress replaced my jeans and blouse. I even summoned the heels, which bumped my height up. I was still nowhere near as tall as him, but the small boost brought our faces closer together. His eyes widened. Still holding my hands, he took a step back so that he could take in the whole look. There was almost something tangible to the way his gaze swept my body. I could practically feel every place it touched. By the time his eyes reached mine again, my breathing was heavy, and I was acutely aware that there really wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t that much clothing between the two of us. Maybe there was something dangerous in letting him look after all. Ã¢â¬Å"A piece of heaven?Ã¢â¬ I managed to ask. He slowly shook his head. Ã¢â¬Å"No. The other place. The one IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to burn in for thinking what IÃ¢â¬â¢m thinking.Ã¢â¬ HeÃ¢â¬â¢d moved toward me again. His hands released mine and moved to my waist, and I noticed I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t the only one breathing heavily. He pulled me to him, bringing our bodies together. The world was all heat and electricity, thick with tension that was only one spark away from exploding around us. I was balancing on another precipice, which wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t easy to do in heels. I wrapped my arms around his neck, and this time I was the one who drew him closer. Ã¢â¬Å"Damn,Ã¢â¬ he murmured. Ã¢â¬Å"What?Ã¢â¬ I asked, never taking my eyes off his. He ran his hands over my hips. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m not supposed to kiss you.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s okay.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"What is?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s okay if I kiss you.Ã¢â¬ Adrian Ivashkov wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t easy to surprise, but I surprised him then when I brought his mouth toward mine. I kissed him, and for a moment, he was too stunned to respond. That lasted for, oh, about a second. Then the intensity IÃ¢â¬â¢d come to know so well in him returned. He pushed me backward, lifting me so that I sat on the table. The tablecloth bunched up, knocking over some of the glasses. I heard what sounded like a china plate crash against the floor. Whatever logic and reason I normally possessed had melted away. There was nothing but flesh and fire left, and I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t going to lie to myself Ã¢â¬â at least not tonight. I wanted him. I arched my back, fully aware of how vulnerable that made me and that I was giving him an invitation. He accepted it and laid me back against the table, bringing his body down on top of mine. That crushing kiss of his moved from my mouth to the nape of my neck. He pushed down the edge of my dress and the bra strap underneath, exposing my shoulder and giving his lips more skin to conquer. A glass rolled off and smashed, soon followed by another. Adrian broke off his kissing, and I opened my eyes. He had an exasperated look on his face. Ã¢â¬Å"A table,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"A goddamned table.Ã¢â¬ A few moments later, the table was gone. I was in his apartment, on his bed, and was glad that I no longer had silverware underneath me. With the venue change complete, his lips found mine again. The urgency in the way I responded surprised even me. I never wouldÃ¢â¬â¢ve thought myself capable of a feeling so primal, so removed from the reason that usually governed my actions. My nails dug into his back, and he trailed his lips down the edge of my chin, down the center of my neck. He kept going until he reached the bottom of the dressÃ¢â¬â¢s V-neck. I let out a small gasp, and he kissed all around the neckline, just enough to tease. Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t worry,Ã¢â¬ he murmured. Ã¢â¬Å"The dress stays on.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Oh? Is that your decision to make?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yes,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re not losing your virginity in a dream. If thatÃ¢â¬â¢s even possible. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to deal with the philosophical side of it. And besides, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s no need to rush anyway. Sometimes itÃ¢â¬â¢s worth lingering on the journey for a while before getting to the destination.Ã¢â¬ Metaphors. This was the cost of making out with an artist. I nearly said as much. Then his hand slid up my bare leg, and I was lost again. Maybe the dress was staying on, but he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t mind taking liberties with it. That hand slipped under my dress, running along the side of my leg and up to my hip. I burned where he touched me, and everything within me became focused on that hand. It was moving far too slowly, and I grabbed it, ready to urge it on. Adrian chuckled and caught hold of my wrist, pulling my hand away and pinning it down against the covers. Ã¢â¬Å"Never thought IÃ¢â¬â¢d be the one slowing you down.Ã¢â¬ I opened my eyes and met his. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m a quick study.Ã¢â¬ All that burning and animal need within me must have shone through because he caught his breath and lost the smile. He released my wrist and cupped my face in his hands, bringing his face down only a whisper away from mine. Ã¢â¬Å"Good God, Sydney. You are Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬ The passion in his eyes turned to surprise, and he suddenly looked up. Ã¢â¬Å"WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s wrong?Ã¢â¬ I asked, wondering if this was some weird part of Ã¢â¬Å"the journey.Ã¢â¬ He grimaced and began to fade away before my eyes. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re being woken up.Ã¢â¬ How to cite The Indigo Spell Chapter Twenty-One, Essay examples
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Wilfred Owens poems illustrate how the atrocities of war can be a significant force on the outcomes of how human conflict is conveyed in his poetry. This is achieved by using a variety of poetic techniques. War can affect an individual in a multidimensional manner, affecting their perspective towards life and creating human conflict. In the poem Ã¢â¬ËDisabledÃ¢â¬â¢ the quote Ã¢â¬Å"HeÃ¢â¬â¢s lost his colorÃ¢â¬ is symbolic of the sacrifice of the soldiers is symbolic of life. Furthermore the poem emphasizes that war is a horrifying experience, externally crippling the individual. Finally in the quote Ã¢â¬Å" Why donÃ¢â¬â¢t they come and put him into bed? Why donÃ¢â¬â¢t they come? Ã¢â¬ Repetition is used of Ã¢â¬Å"Why donÃ¢â¬â¢tÃ¢â¬ and rhetorical question is emphasizing how he is helpless. Additionally the poem Ã¢â¬ËAnthem for the Doomed YouthÃ¢â¬â¢ emphasizes that participating in war is an immense waste of the youthful life of the soldiers, and that war destroys the honor and dignity of the soldier because of human conflict. We will write a custom essay sample on Wilfred Owen Poem or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In the quote Ã¢â¬Å" Only the stuttering rifle rapid rattleÃ¢â¬ personification, alliteration and onomatopoeia combine as methods to make war seem more brutal, violent and cruel. Furthermore in the poem Ã¢â¬ËAnthem for Doomed YouthÃ¢â¬â¢ conscripting in the military can lead to human conflict and eventually death. The quote Ã¢â¬Å"calling them from sad shiresÃ¢â¬ alliteration of Ã¢â¬ËsÃ¢â¬â¢ is used to soften the tone and makes the Volta change and illustrate how the death of soldiers is Ã¢â¬Å"calling them from sad shires. In the poem Ã¢â¬ËDisabledÃ¢â¬â¢ human conflict emerges from the military because of people conscripting to the military to impress their friends. The quote Ã¢â¬Å"VoicesÃ¢â¬ ¦ Voices of play and pleasure after dayÃ¢â¬ repetition of Ã¢â¬ËVoicesÃ¢â¬â¢ highlights his silence and social ostracism. Furthermore in the poem Ã¢â¬ËDisabledÃ¢â¬â¢ fighting in the war leads to human conflict which then can leave an individual disabled for the res t of their lives. In the quote Ã¢â¬Å"ForÃ¢â¬ ¦his back will never braceÃ¢â¬ contrasts his age, because when he joined the military and fought in the war and came back Ã¢â¬ËHis back will never braceÃ¢â¬â¢ illustrating how he cannot move. In the poem Ã¢â¬ËAnthem for Doomed YouthÃ¢â¬â¢ being involved in human conflict can lead to future consequences. The quote Ã¢â¬Å" TheirÃ¢â¬ ¦ down of blindÃ¢â¬ uses a rhyming couplet to conclude the sonnet illustrating how the funeral is coming to an end. Furthermore in the poem Ã¢â¬ËAnthem for the Doomed YouthÃ¢â¬â¢ human conflict arises when one creates a isturbance to another individual and can lead to horrific experiences. The quote Ã¢â¬Å" What passing bellsÃ¢â¬ ¦ die as cattle? Ã¢â¬ uses rhetorical question to illustrate how the soldiers Ã¢â¬Ëdie as cattle. Ã¢â¬â¢ In conclusion, war poems such as Ã¢â¬ËDisabledÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËAnthem for Doomed YouthÃ¢â¬â¢ represent how human conflict is conveyed by illustrating the experiences and memories of war. Wilfred Owens poems illustrate how the atrocities of war and can be a significant force on the outcomes of how human conflict is conveyed in his poetry.
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Radium Facts and Chemical and Physical Properties Atomic Number: 88 Symbol: Ra Atomic Weight: 226.0254 Electron Configuration: [Rn] 7s2 Word Origin: Latin radius: ray Element Classification: alkaline earth metal Discovery It was discovered by Pierre and Marie Curie in 1898 (France/Poland). It was isolated in 1911 by Mme. Curie and Debierne. Isotopes Sixteen isotopes of radium are known. The most common isotope is Ra-226, which has a half-life of 1620 years. Properties Radium is an alkaline earth metal. Radium has a melting point of 700Ã °C, boiling point of 1140Ã °C, specific gravity estimated to be 5, and valence of 2. Pure radium metal is bright white when freshly prepared, although it blackens upon exposure to air. The element decomposes in water. It is somewhat more volatile than the element barium. Radium and its salts exhibit luminescence and impart a carmine color to flame. Radium emits alpha, beta, and gamma rays. It produces neutrons when mixed with beryllium. A single gram of Ra-226 decays at the rate of 3.7x1010 disintegrations per second. [The curie (Ci) is defined to be the quantity of radioactivity which has the same rate of disintegration as 1 gram of Ra-226.] A gram of radium produces around 0.0001 ml (STP) of radon gas (emanation) per day and about 1000 calories per year. Radium loses about 1% of its activity over 25 years, with lead as its final disintegration product. Radium is a radiological hazard. Stored radium requires ven tilation to prevent the build-up of radon gas. Uses Radium has been used to produce neutron sources, luminous paints, and medical radioisotopes. Sources Radium was discovered in pitchblende or uraninite. Radium is found in all uranium minerals. There is approximately 1 gram of radium for each 7 tons of pitchblende. Radium was first isolated by electrolysis of a radium chloride solution, using a mercury cathode. The resulting amalgam yielded pure radium metal upon distillation in hydrogen. Radium is commercially obtained as its chloride or bromide and tends not to be purified as an element. Physical Data Density (g/cc): (5.5) Melting Point (K): 973 Boiling Point (K): 1413 Appearance: silvery white, radioactive element Atomic Volume (cc/mol): 45.0 Ionic Radius: 143 (2e) Specific Heat (20Ã °C J/g mol): 0.120 Fusion Heat (kJ/mol): (9.6) Evaporation Heat (kJ/mol): (113) Pauling Negativity Number: 0.9 First Ionizing Energy (kJ/mol): 509.0 Oxidation States: 2 Sources CRC Handbook of Chemistry Physics, 18th Ed.Crescent Chemical Company, 2001.Langes Handbook of Chemistry, 1952.Los Alamos National Laboratory, 2001.
Monday, March 2, 2020
B-24 Liberator Bomber in World War II The Consolidated B-24 Liberator was an American heavy bomber that entered service in 1941. A highly modern aircraft for its day, it first saw combat operations with the Royal Air Force. With the American entry into World War II, production of the B-24 increased. By the end of the conflict, over 18,500 B-24s had been constructed making it the most-produced heavy bomber in history. Employed in all theaters by the US Army Air Forces and US Navy, the Liberator routinely served alongside the more rugged Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress. In addition to service as heavy bomber, the B-24 played a critical role as a maritime patrol aircraft and aided in closing the air gap during the Battle of the Atlantic. The type was later evolved into the PB4Y Privateer maritime patrol aircraft. Liberators also served as long-range transports under the designation C-87 Liberator Express. Origins In 1938, the United State Army Air Corps approached Consolidated Aircraft about producing the new Boeing B-17 bomber under license as part of the Project A program to expand American industrial capacity. Visiting the Boeing plant in Seattle, Consolidated president Reuben Fleet assessed the B-17 and decided that a more modern aircraft could be designed using existing technology. Subsequent discussions led to the issuing of USAAC Specification C-212. Intended from the outset to be fulfilled by Consolidateds new effort, the specification called for a bomber with a higher speed and ceiling, as well as a greater range than the B-17. Responding in January 1939, the company incorporated several innovations from other projects into the final design which it designated the Model 32. Design Development Assigning the project to chief designer Isaac M. Laddon, Consolidated created a high-wing monoplane that featured a deep fuselage with large bomb-bays and retracting bomb-bay doors. Powered by four Pratt Whitney R1830 twin Wasp engines turning three-bladed variable-pitch propellers, the new aircraft featured long wings to improve performance at high altitude and increase payload. The high aspect ratio Davis wing employed in the design also allowed it to have a relatively high speed and extended range. This latter trait was gained due to wings thickness which provided additional space for fuel tanks. In addition, the wings possessed other technological improvements such as laminated leading edges. Impressed with the design, the USAAC awarded Consolidated a contract to build a prototype on March 30, 1939. Dubbed the XB-24, the prototype first flew on December 29, 1939. Pleased with the prototypes performance, the USAAC moved the B-24 into production the following year. A distinctive aircraft, the B-24 featured a twin tail and rudder assembly as well as flat, slab-sided fuselage. This latter characteristic earned it the name Flying Boxcar with many of its crews. The B-24 was also the first American heavy bomber to utilize tricycle landing gear. Like the B-17, the B-24 possessed a wide array of defensive guns mounted in top, nose, tail, and belly turrets. Capable of carrying 8,000 lbs. of bombs, the bomb-bay was divided in two by a narrow catwalk that was universally disliked by air crews but served as the fuselages structural keel beam. B-24 Liberator - Specifications (B-24J): General Length: 67 ft. 8 in.Wingspan: 110 ft.Height: 18 ft.Wing Area: 1,048 sq. ft.Empty Weight: 36,500 lbs.Loaded Weight: 55,000 lbs.Crew: 7-10 Performance Power Plant: 4 Ãâ" Pratt Whitney R-1830 turbo-supercharged radial engines, 1,200 hp eachCombat Radius: 2,100 milesMax Speed: 290 mphCeiling: 28,000 ft. Armament Guns: 10 Ãâ" .50 in. M2 Browning machine gunsBombs: 2,700-8,000 lbs. depending on range An Evolving Airframe An anticipated aircraft, both the Royal and French Air Forces placed orders through the Anglo-French Purchasing Board before the prototype had even flown. The initial production batch of B-24As was completed in 1941, with many being sold directly to the Royal Air Force including those originally meant for France. Sent to Britain, where the bomber was dubbed Liberator, the RAF soon found that they were unsuitable for combat over Europe as they had insufficient defensive armament and lacked self-sealing fuel tanks. Due to the aircrafts heavy payload and long range, the British converted these aircraft for use in maritime patrols and as long range transports. Learning from these issues, Consolidated improved the design and the first major American production model was the B-24C which also included improved Pratt Whitney engines. In 1940, Consolidated again revised the aircraft and produced the B-24D. The first major variant of the Liberator, the B-24D quickly amassed orders for 2,738 aircraft. Overwhelming Consolidateds production capabilities, the company vastly expanded its San Diego, CA factory and built a new facility outside of Fort Worth, TX. At maximum production, the aircraft was built at five different plans across the United States and under license by North American (Grand Prairie, TX), Douglas (Tulsa, OK), and Ford (Willow Run, MI). The latter built a massive plant at Willow Run, MI that, at its peak (August 1944), was producing one aircraft per hour and ultimately built around half of all Liberators. Revised and improved several times throughout World War II, the final variant, the B-24M, ended production on May 31, 1945. Other Uses In addition to its use as a bomber, the B-24 airframe was also the basis for the C-87 Liberator Express cargo plane and the PB4Y Privateer maritime patrol aircraft. Though based on the B-24, the PBY4 featured a single tail fin as opposed to the distinctive twin tail arrangement. This design was later tested on the B-24N variant and engineers found that it improved handling. Though an order for 5,000 B-24Ns was placed in 1945, it was cancelled a short time later when the war ended. Due to the B-24s range and payload capabilities, it was able to perform well in the maritime role, however the C-87 proved less successful as the aircraft had difficulty landing with heavy loads. As a result, it was phased out as the C-54 Skymaster became available. Though less effective in this role, the C-87 fulfilled a vital need early in the war for transports capable of flying long distances at high altitude and saw service in many theaters including flying the Hump from India to China. All told, 18,188 B-24s of all types were built making it the most produced bomber of World War II. Operational History The Liberator first saw combat action with the RAF in 1941, however due to their unsuitability they were reassigned to RAF Coastal Command and transport duty. Improved RAF Liberator IIs, featuring self-sealing fuel tanks and powered turrets, flew the types first bombing missions in early 1942, launching from bases in the Middle East. Though Liberators continued to fly for the RAF throughout the war, they were not employed for strategic bombing over Europe. With the US entry into World War II, the B-24 began to see extensive combat service. The first US bombing mission was a failed attack on Wake Island on June 6, 1942. Six days later, a small raid from Egypt was launched against the Ploesti oil fields in Romania. As US bomber squadrons deployed, the B-24 became the standard American heavy bomber in the Pacific Theater due to its longer range, while a mix of B-17 and B-24 units were sent to Europe. Operating over Europe, the B-24 became one of the principal aircraft employed in the Allies Combined Bomber Offensive against Germany. Flying as part of the Eighth Air Force in England and the Ninth and Fifteenth Air Forces in the Mediterranean, B-24s repeated pounded targets across Axis-controlled Europe. On August 1, 1943, 177 B-24s launched a famous raid against Ploesti as part of Operation Tidal Wave. Departing from bases in Africa, the B-24s struck the oil fields from low altitude but lost 53 aircraft in the process. Battle of the Atlantic While many B-24s were hitting targets in Europe, others were playing a key role in winning the Battle of the Atlantic. Flying initially from bases in Britain and Iceland, and later the Azores and the Caribbean, VLR (Very Long Range) Liberators played a decisive role in closing the air gap in the middle of the Atlantic and defeating the German U-boat threat. Utilizing radar and Leigh lights to locate the enemy, B-24s were credited in the sinking of 93 U-boats. The aircraft also saw extensive maritime service in the Pacific where B-24s and its derivative, the PB4Y-1, wreaked havoc on Japanese shipping. During the course of the conflict, modified B-24s also service as electronic warfare platforms as well as flew clandestine missions for the Office of Strategic Services.Ã Crew Issues While a workhorse of the Allied bombing effort, the B-24 was not hugely popular with American air crews who preferred the more rugged B-17. Among the issues with the B-24 was its inability to sustain heavy damage and remain aloft. The wings in particular proved vulnerable to enemy fire and if hit in critical areas could give way completely. It was not uncommon to see a B-24 falling from the sky with its wings folded upwards like a butterfly. Also, the aircraft proved highly susceptible to fires as many of the fuel tanks were mounted in the upper parts of the fuselage. In addition, crews nicknamed the B-24 the Flying Coffin as it possessed only one exit which was located near the tail of the aircraft. This made it difficult to impossible for the flight crew to escape a crippled B-24. It was due to these issues and the emergence of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress in 1944, that the B-24 Liberator was retired as a bomber at the end of hostilities. The PB4Y-2 Privateer, a fully navalized derivative of the B-24, remained in service with the US Navy until 1952 and with the US Coast Guard until 1958. The aircraft was also used in aerial firefighting through 2002 when a crash led to all remaining Privateers being grounded.
Friday, February 14, 2020
Make a title - Essay Example In essence, child spanking is a shortcut to child disciplining which is not effective. Child spanking does more harm and little, if any, good. To begin with, spanking gives a wrong example to children. In disciplining a child, the approach should be positive. Children learn from what they observe their parents do. As a result therefore, when a child is spanked, the lesson learnt is that violence would solve problems. It may be perceived as a mode of bullying. The child could view it that, it would be right for an older person to hit a younger one. It would thus be dangerous for the child to grow under that perception. The parent in spanking aims to correct an action that is viewed as an act lower to the acceptable disciplinary standards. To the child, it would be another message sent. In most cases, it is notable that many mothers are of the view that the child should not be spanked. At times however, their child would engage in an act and they prompt to spank them. The spanking could thus be an act of low self-control. Now, is that the message that should be delivered to the child? One characteristic of discipline is self -control. It is what the child should learn. However, under spanking, the lesson is all different. Rob WaltersÃ¢â¬â¢ states that, Ã¢â¬Å"When your child misbehaves or acts in ways that are defiant, inappropriate, or even dangerous, you want to show him that this behavior is unacceptable and needs to change. Spanking may seem like a direct and effective way to do that, but it also delivers other messages you dont want to be sentÃ¢â¬ (Walters) The relationship between the parent or guardian and the child is affected significantly. The trust after spanking would be lost. The child upon being spanked questions the love that her spanker has for her or him. The foundation for trust between the two is thus shaken. The child is frustrated and angry. The feelings would progress to the teenage